What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease that attacks the eye’s optic nerve and can lead to vision loss and eventual blindness if left untreated. It significantly impacts quality of life, in particular for patients with advanced glaucoma and bilateral visual field damage.  It affects approximately 80 million people worldwide and is expected to rise to 90 million by 2020.

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness after macular degeneration.

In a healthy eye, a fluid called aqueous humor flows continuously through the anterior chamber at the front of the eye.  Glaucoma is associated with an imbalance between production of aqueous humor and its outflow leading to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP).  This increased pressure eventually damages the optic nerve and leads to vision loss over time.

The only proven treatment modality for Glaucoma today is to reduce IOP.  Reduction of IOP slows down or stops disease progression to preserve visual function.